February 14 | Facts
Oregon became the 33rd state in the United States.
Arizona became the 48th state in the United States.
The League of Women Voters was founded.
Members of Al Capone’s gang killed rival gang members in the St. Valentine’s Day massacre.
Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini issued a fatwa, calling for the death of Salman Rushdie, author of The Satanic Verses.
The Kansas Board of Education reversed its 1999 ruling and restored evolution to the state’s science curriculum.
Dolly the sheep, the first cloned mammal, was euthanized because of incurable lung cancer.
Saint Valentine’s Day, Western European Christian holiday, originally the Roman feast of Lupercalia. It was christianized in memory of the martyrdom of St. Valentine in A.D. 270, who, in medieval times, came to be associated with the union of lovers under conditions of duress. The holiday is celebrated on Feb. 14th by the exchange of romantic or comic verse messages called “valentines.” The first commercial valentine greeting cards produced in the United States were created in the 1840s by Esther A. Howland. Today millions of such cards are sold annually.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.