February 8 | Facts
Mary Queen of Scots was beheaded.
College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va., received its charter, becoming the second institution of higher learning in the United States.
The National Weather Service was established under the U.S. Army Signal Corps.
The Russo-Japanese war began when the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Russian fleet at Port Arthur in northeast China.
D. W. Griffith’s controversial epic, The Birth of a Nation premiered in Los Angeles.
The gas chamber was used for the first time as a method of execution in the United States. Gangster Gee Jon was put to death at the Nevada State Prison in Carson City.
The payola (pay for broadcast airplay) hearings opened in the U.S. House of Representatives. Dick Clark would testify in April.
President Jimmy Carter revealed his plan to reinstate selective service draft registration.