February 1 | Facts
The Supreme Court of the United States convened for the first time, in New York City.
Julia Ward Howe’s poem “Battle Hymn of the Republic” was published in the Atlantic Monthly.
The first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary A–Ant, was published.
A press conference announced the first electronic digital computer, ENIAC, was held at the University of Pennsylvania.
Four black college students began a series of sit-ins at a white-only lunch counter in Woolworth’s, Greensboro, N.C.
During the Vietnam War, a Viet Cong officer was executed with a pistol shot to the head by Saigon’s police chief and the image captured in a famous news photograph.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned to Tehran after 15 years of exile.
The space shuttle Columbia disintegrated as it tried to reenter the Earth’s atmosphere after a sixteen-day mission in space. All seven members of the crew were lost.
Janet Jackson’s famous “wardrobe malfunction” occurred at Super Bowl XXXVIII.
Johanna Sigurdardottir takes office as Iceland’s first female prime minister.