December 31 | Facts

December 31 | Facts

1744

English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth’s nutation motion (wobble)

1879

Thomas Edison gave the first public demonstration of an electric incandescent lamp.

1924

Hubble announces existence of distant galaxies.

1938

The first breath test for drivers, “drunkometer,” was introduced in Indianapolis.

1946

President Truman officially proclaimed the end of hostilities in World War II.

1961

The Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $12 billion in foreign aid.

1963

Central African Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was formally dissolved.

1964

The al-Fatah guerrillas of Yasser Arafat launched their first terrorist raid on Israel.

1987

Robert Mugabe sworn in as Zimbabwe’s president.

1999

Russian President Boris Yeltsin resigned. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin was designated acting president.

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